What’s 5G?

5G is the fifth era of wireless technologies that make it possible for mobile devices to talk to each other. It should be a lot faster and let more devices connect at the same time.

As smartphones start replacing other devices as people’s main computers and as the number of connected devices like smart TVs and smart speakers grows, it becomes more and more important to maintain a reliable and speedy web connection.

Millimeter waves (high-band), mid-band, and low-band are the three bands for 5G. The millimeter-wave is the fastest, with speeds of 1-2 Gigabits per second. In theory, you could click once and download a whole Netflix movie.

What is the difference between 5G and 4G LTE, 3G, and 2G?


  • Speed is the main difference. Studies have shown that 5G could reach 10 gigabits per second, which is 20 times faster than 4G.
  • The second difference is how long it takes for two devices to talk. This is called latency. This means that 5G could make more things on the internet more real-time. For instance, remote surgery could become possible, and driverless cars could talk to each other in milliseconds to avoid a crash.
  • The third difference has to do with how they connect. 5G could support one million gadgets per square mile vs. 10K-100K for 4G. This is better by 100 times.
  • Cost and range are the two biggest problems with 5G. 5G utilizes micrometer waves to get mobile gadgets. Because the electromagnetic spectrum works, 5G has a much shorter range than 4G. Verizon’s Ultra Wide Band cell phone technology could reach 1,500 feet. This means we would need a different 5G small cell for every single block in Manhattan and more in rural areas where fewer people exist.

5G will cost a great deal more because it will need many more cell towers. You can anticipate a 5G smartphone to cost $200–$300 more than your old one.

Did 5G cause Coronavirus COVID-19?

No. The US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) have clearly said that 5G technology does NOT cause coronavirus. Early in January, several websites said that the 5G high-frequency radio waves weakened people’s immune systems weaker and were the cause of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan.

Some people have also said that the higher frequency millimeter waves of 5G helped the SARS virus change into COVID-19. One of the first places in China to get 5G was Wuhan.

But the same technology was used in large Chinese cities like Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou when the Coronavirus outbreak happened. According to the UK Public Health service, there is no evidence that 5G can hurt the immune system, cause brain tumors, or have any other major biological effect on human health.

Are 5G towers harmful to our health?

Several studies show that long-term exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields might make cells more likely be damaged, which could lead to cancer. But the results of these studies don’t just apply to 5G. They also apply to 4G, 3G, and other wireless forms of communication, such as wifi in your home.

In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization put out a paper telling the public about this risk. In November 2019, the National Toxicology Curriculum published a study on the effects of radiofrequency radio (RFR) on rats.

The study found that pregnant rats exposed to RFR had lower body weights during pregnancy and gave birth to babies with lower birth weights. But a few weeks after birth, the rats’ body weights returned to normal and were the same as those without exposure. In general, male rats exposed to RFR lived longer than rats that weren’t.

The above two studies don’t prove or disprove that 5G is dangerous, but they show that ALL wireless communication technologies could be dangerous if used too much. 5G is not more or less dangerous than technologies like 4G or 3G that have already been used.

In what ways is 5G safe?

The Federal Communications Commission says that the level of safety needed to get approval is. Some health and safety groups have reported that wireless devices could cause cancer and other illnesses. But now, there is no reason to set a different safety threshold than we already have.

Ethan Spiegel, a Forbes Senior Contributor with a Ph.D. in Astrophysics, said that if you’ve ever held a radio receiver or boombox close to you, you got a lot more radiation of similar frequencies than you’d get from a 5G Tech gadget that sits in your pocket.

How you should be ready for 5G

5G isn’t as close as the buzz might make you think, but you still need to be ready. Even though it will take a long time for the rollout to have a big impact, upgrades are starting to show up in some places. Make sure you do as much as you can to protect your safety and privacy:

  • Install anti-virus software on all of your computing machines. Products like Kaspersky Total Security will help keep your devices from getting infected.
  • Use a VPN to stop strangers from sneaking into your data and watching what you do online without your permission.
  • Use strong security for your passwords. Use passwords whenever you can, and make sure they are very strong. People think that the best passwords are long strings of random characters. Make sure to use both capital and lowercase letters and symbols and numbers.
  • Change the backend passwords on all your IoT devices from what they came with. Follow the instructions with your device to change the “admin/password” style credentials. You can find this information in your manufacturer’s tech manuals or by contacting them directly.
  • Make sure that all of your IoT devices have the latest security patches. This includes your computer, smart home devices, and even the infotainment system in your car. Remember that any device that uses the internet, Bluetooth, or another data radio must have the latest updates.


Overexposure to any technology made by people could be bad, and 5G is no different. But 5G is no more or less safe than 4G, 3G, or even the wifi in your home. Coronavirus COVID-19 was not caused by 5G, which did not help the pandemic spread.


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